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Shri Rahul Purwar (IAS)
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Development Initiatives

CENTRAL SPONSORED FLAGSHIP PROGRAMS FOR INCLUSIVE DEVELOPMENT AND GROWTH IN LATEHAR


India has been steadfastly showing improved economy since past few years.  It also believes in inclusive development in a manner that the fruits of the economy reach its vulnerable population as well.  It strongly believes development of rural India is an imperative for inclusive and equitable growth.  For such conditions to prevail it is primarily necessary to unlock the huge potential of the population that is trapped in poverty.  Further it is established that states with low infrastructure index are in high incidence of poverty.  From the year 2004 to reduce the divide between the rich and poor, to reduce the urban and rural divide, to fulfil the existing critical gaps of infrastructure development , to provide opportunities for improved living conditions as well livelihoods several programs have been launched by the Central Government of India to bring about development at the rural regions.  These programs are termed as the “flagship” programs. These programs have been complemented by policies   for specific  inclusion of the SC’s, ST’s ,women and minorities . There have been sustainable efforts to bring about an “Inclusive India”. 

The following are the envisaged flagship programs which are currently being implemented at various district levels including Latehar district in the State of Jharkhand.

Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan

Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) is on going program for universalization of elementary education.  This was consolidated by  providing additional financial allocation and creation of a dedicated Prathmic Shiksha Kosh through a 2% cess.  SSA is essentially to bridge social, regional and gender gaps with adequate participation of the community in management of schools besides focussing on quality elementary education with emphasis on life education.

MID DAY MEALS

The introduction of Mid day meals (MDM) is to boost universalization of primary education by increasing enrolment, retention and attention.  It is also simultaneously aimed at impacting upon the nutritional status of the students in primary classes. MDM also mandates provision of adequate quantity of micro nutrients sources of iron, folic acid and Vitamin A to children.

The combination of SSA and mid day meals  is aimed at successful enrolment and retention of children at school.

INTEGRATED CHILD DEVELOPMENT SERVICES (ICDS/ANGANWADI)

ICDS /Anganwadi program is the world’s largest program for early child hood development.  It aims at providing preschool education on one hand and breaking the vicious cycle of malnutrition, morbidity, reduced learning capacity, mortality and enabling the girl children to attend schools .

NATIONAL RURAL HEALTH MISSION (NRHM)

NRHM is to provide  accessible, affordable, accountable, effective and reliable primary health care especially to the vulnerable and the poor population. It is aimed at bridging the health gaps in rural health care by improving the hospital care, decentralised planning to district level to improve intra and intra-sect oral convergence and effective utilisation of resources.  The program sets standards to rural health care and provides financial resources to meet these standards. 

NRHM is to move from just disease management to comprehensive healthcare.  This is through creation of district health plan which provides community health activist in each village(ASHA), untied funds to all sub health centres and improvement of infrastructure in rural hospitals.

MAHATMA GANDHI NATIONAL RURAL EMPOLYMENT GUARANTEE ACT(MNREGA)

MNREGA provides a legal guarantee for 100 days of work to rural households.  It is a statutory guarantee to provide wage employment and is not just a scheme for provision of employment.

RIGHT TO INFORMATION ACT (RTI)

To consolidate democracy and ensure rights of citizens – Right to Information Act was passed in the year 2005.  This is to bring about greater transparency and accountability in public life.

BHARATH NIRMAN

Bharath Nirman has been a major initiative conceived as a time bound plan for rural infrastructure development.  It seeks to provide :

Electricity to all villages( Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyuthikaran Yojana)

Drinking water to all uncovered and slipped back habitations ( Accelerated Rural Water Supply Program)

Connect all habitations with a population of 1000( 500 in hilly and tribal areas) with an all weather road ( Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana)

Create additional irrigation capacity ( Accelerated Irrigation Benefit program)

Build houses for rural poor ( Indira Gandhi Awas yojana)

Cover every village with a phone (Universal service obligation fund)

Jawaharlal Nehru Urban Renewal Mission (JNRUM) is focussed on improving the quality of life in urban areas.  It focuses on improving urban infrastructure, governance and services to urban poor.

TOTAL SANITATION CAMPAIGN (TSC)

To attain 100% sanitation coverage in terms of households, schools , anganwadi toilets and providing hygiene education to the people.

BACKWARD REGION GRANT FUND (BRGF)

BRGF has replaced the Rashtriya Sam Vikas Yojana (RSVY) in order to provide more participatory approach through the involvement of the PRI’s. The scheme aims to help convergence and add value to other programs such as Bharath Nirman, NREGP and other flagship programs that are explicitly designed to meet rural infrastructure needs but that need supplementation to address critical gaps.  It aims at catalysing development in backward areas by :

Filling infrastructure gaps

Promotion of good governance

Agrarian reform

Convergence through supplementary infrastructure and capacity building

NATIONAL SOCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS (NSAP)

NSAP aims to provide human security to the poor and the destitute.  It has three components :

National old age pension scheme (NOAPS)  - to cover all old age people above 60 years from among BPL families with a minimum pension of Rs.400/- per month funded by Centre and States.

ANNAPURNA

Under this scheme old destitute who are not getting the National old age pension (NOAPS) but have its eligibility, are being provided 10 kg food-grain (6 kg wheat + 4 kg rice) per month free of cost as Food Security.

 

NATIONAL FAMILY BENEFIT SCHEME(NFBS)

It provides family benefit of Rs.10,000/- to the bereaved household in case of death of the primary bread winner irrespective of cause of death.  This is applicable to all eligible persons in the age group of 18-64.

 

Lathear District Official Website
 

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