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Department of Social Welfare, Women and Child Development

Who we are

 


The Department of Social Welfare, Women and Child Development, as the name indicates is intended to mainstream the disabled, women and marginalised children.  This department was carved out from the Welfare Department to pay special attention to handicapped, women and children.  Through the Department, various welfare, development and empowerment services are being provided to help the disabled, women and children to enhance the equal opportunities and to exercise their rights and entitlements. This department is therefore is arising out of the immediate need for promoting equitable and inclusive development of human resources of the excluded segments of the poor.

Background

 


The principle of gender and social equality is enshrined in the Indian Constitution in its preamble, fundamental rights, fundamental duties and directive principles. The constitution not only grants equality to women, disabled and others, irrespective of their caste, religion, race, language and identity, but also empowers the state and district to adopt measures of positive discrimination in favour of disabled, women and children.
Within the framework of a democratic polity, our laws, development policies, plans and programmes have aimed at integration of the excluded groups and to bring them on par with the mainstream population. In this respect, at present, most of the the disabled population remained excluded from access to various government services. The handicapped groups include persons with visual, hearing, speech, loco-motor and mental disabilities. They remained invisible and are submerged with the mainstream population, though their problems are of varied nature with differential needs. They face various physical, social and economic barriers to take benefit of the government schemes. To give fillip to equal opportunities to these vulnerable groups, government has created separate unit at the district level to address their problems and to improve their life, livelihoods and equal opportunities.
In the same way, women were/are always far behind men in terms of education, health, social, political and economic status and other indicators. Therefore, advancement of women in different spheres is an essential ingredient of human development. There has been marked shift in the approach to women’s issues from welfare to development to empowerment. In recent years, the empowerment of women has been recognized as the central issue in determining the status of women. Keeping in view of this, women have been the core focus of this department to help them to exercise their rights.
Similarly, children constitute principle assets of our country.  Children’s Development is as important, as the development of material resources. The best way to develop national human resources is to take care of children.  All out efforts are being made by district for the development and welfare of children.  Significant progress has been made in many fields in assuring children their basic rights.  However, much remains to be done.  Therefore, specific attention is being given to the efforts to improve the life and opportunities of the children in general and girl child in particular. Therefore, the Department Social Welfare, Women and Child Development Department was created at the district level to take special care of these three disadvantaged groups.

What we do

 


Through the Department, various welfare, development and empowerment schemes are being implemented with central government and state government assistance. The schemes that are implemented through the department at the district level are described under the following heads.

  • Disabled related schemes
  • Women focussed schemes
  • Children specific schemes

 

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Schemes for disabled

 


The government of India and Jharkhand has evolved many schemes for uplifting the handicapped. The central sponsored schemes are given below.

Assistance to Disabled Persons for Purchase / Fitting of Aids and Appliances

 


The main objective of the Scheme is to assist the needy disabled persons in procuring durable, sophisticated and scientifically manufactured, modern, standard aids and appliances that can promote their physical, social and psychological rehabilitation, by reducing the effects of disabilities and enhance their economic potential.
The aids includes hearing aids, spectacles for blind and mobility equipments for the physically challenged with problems of mobility. This scheme is implemented through the Welfare department to increase the access to education, health and employment opportunities. For claiming the benefit, certificate of disability from the government is essential to claim these benefits.

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Scheme of national scholarships for persons with disabilities

 


Under the Scheme of National Scholarships for Persons with Disabilities, every year new scholarships are awarded for pursuing post metric professional and technical courses of duration more than one year. However, in respect of students with cerebral palsy, mental retardation, multiple disabilities and profound or severe hearing impairment, scholarship are awarded for pursuing studies from IX Std. onwards.
Advertisements inviting applications for scholarships are given in newspapers in the month of June and those selected will be awarded with scholarships as per the scheme guidelines. In addition to the scholarship, the students are reimbursed course fee within the ceiling amount. Financial assistance under the scheme is also given for computer with editing software for blind/ deaf graduate and postgraduate students pursuing professional courses and for support access software for cerebral palsied students.

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District Disability Rehabilitation Centers (DDRCs)

 

• The Government of India with active support of State Government is facilitating setting up District Disability Rehabilitation Centers (DDRCs) to provide rehabilitation services to persons with disabilities in a phased manner. Centres are being set up in unreached and un-served districts of the country in a phased manner. These centers are aimed at providing the following services.

•Prevention and early detection

•Referral for medical intervention

•Surgical correction

•Fitment of artificial aids and appliances

• Treatment services such as physiotherapy, occupational and speech therapy

•Provision of training for acquisition of skills through vocational training, job placement in local industries etc.

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Swawlamban

 


Under this scheme women are imparted training of different types such as computer and other need base training to enable them to become capable of generating additional income for themselves. This programme also serves as a boost to cottage industries. The Social Welfare Department of the district is responsible for identification and linking the needy person with this youth with the training centres. Government is providing all the financial support for the training.

Muslim Communities

 


State Government aided schemes for disabled/challenged groups


The state sponsored schemes implemented through the district are given below.

Swami Vivekananda Nishshakta Swawlamban Protsahan Yojana

Under this scheme, the following services are being provided

• Special Equipment for Disabled
• Scholarship to Handicapped
• Economic & Social Survey of the Disabled
• Workshop for the Disabled

Apart from this, the Welfare Department is running special schools for visually handicapped, mentally handicapped; hearing challenged who cannot be mainstreamed in the formal stream of education. It is also running home in selected locations to provide home care services to the challenged groups.

Women specific programmes of the Welfare Department

Under this, both central and state government schemes are being implemented at the district level. The Central government schemes are given below.

Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of women(SABLA)

This scheme aims at empowering adolescent girls of 11-18 years by improving their nutritional and health status, up-gradation of home skills, life skills and vocational skills. The girls would be equipped with information on health and family welfare, hygiene and guidance on existing public services. The scheme also aims to mainstream out of school girls into formal education or non-formal education
The scheme is implemented using the platform of integrated child development centre (ICDS)/ Ankanwadi centres (AWC) for the delivery of the services.

Key services under the scheme

An integrated package of services is to be provided to adolescent groups are follows.

  • Nutrition provision
  • Iron and Folic Acid (IFA) supplementation
  • Health check-up and Referral services
  • Nutrition & Health Education (NHE)
  • Counselling/Guidance on family welfare, Adolescent Reproductive and Sexual Health (ARSH), child care practices and home management.
  • Life Skill Education and accessing public services
  • Vocational training for girls aged 16 and above

This scheme is being implemented through Anganwadi and Mini AWCs. The food distributed on 300 days a year for pregnant and lactating mothers, under-nourished children and adolescent girls respectively. There is no role for contractors in the supply of food and the procurement. The same is done at the Anganwadi level by the Sevikas concerned.

Swayam Siddha scheme


This scheme aims at the holistic empowerment of women through awareness generation, economic empowerment and convergence of various schemes. Through the scheme, government intends to empower women in the following ways.

  • Demand their rights from family, community and government.
  • Have increased access to, and control over, material, social and political resources.
  • Have enhanced awareness and improved skills.
  • Be able to raise issues of common concern through mobilization and networking

This is implemented in selected districts. Through the scheme the following services are provided.

  • Establishment of self-reliant women’s Self-Help Groups (SHGs); Women will be encouraged to form groups according to their socio-economic status and felt-needs, after which they will network with other groups.
  • In addition to empowering SHG members per se, by federating and networking strong pressure groups for women’s empowerment/rights will be formed.
  • Creation of confidence and awareness among members of SHGs regarding women’s status, health, nutrition, education, sanitation and hygiene, legal rights, economic upliftment and other social, economic and political issues;
  • Strengthening and institutionalizing the savings habit in rural women and their control over economic resources;
  • Improving access of women to micro-credit;
  • Involvement of women in local-level planning;
  • Convergence of different agencies for women’s empowerment and integrated projects accessing delivery of different schemes from a single window; and
  • Inculcating a subsidy-free approach to women’s empowerment.


State government schemes


Mukhyamantri Kanyadan Yojana


This scheme is being executed by the Department of Social Welfare, Women & Child Development. Under this scheme newly married females belonging to the below poverty line are given cash support on the occasion of their marriage, as per the scheme guideline.

Awareness generation schemes


The Department of Social Welfare runs a number of awareness generation schemes for eradication of social evils like the practice of witch hunting, dowry etc. The names of the schemes are as follows :

• Eradication of the Practice of Witch Hunting
• Exhibition, Seminar, Conference & Awards
• Dowry Eradication Programme

Child welfare/care/development programmes

Through the Department of Social Welfare, Women and Child Department, both central and state government assisted programmes are underway in Latehar.

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Central government assisted schemes Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme

 


This is a flagship scheme of government of India. ICDS is the foremost child centric initiative providing pre-school education on one hand and breaking the vicious cycle of malnutrition, morbidity, reduced learning capacity and mortality, on the other. The scheme has the following objectives:

  • Improve the nutritional and health status of children in the age-group 0-6 years;
  • Lay the foundation for proper psychological, physical and social development of the child;
  • Reduce the incidence of mortality, morbidity, malnutrition and school dropout;
  • Achieve effective co-ordination of policy and implementation amongst the various departments to promote child development; and
  • Enhance the capability of the mother to look after the normal health and nutritional needs of the child through proper nutrition and health education.

Services: The above objectives are sought to be achieved through a package of following services.

  1. supplementary nutrition,
  2. Immunization,
  3. Health check-up,
  4. Referral services,
  5. Pre-school non-formal education and
  6. Nutrition & health education.

The mode of delivery of ICDS services is presented below.


Services

Target Group

Service Provided by

Supplementary Nutrition

Children below 6 years:
Pregnant & Lactating Mother (P&LM)

Anganwadi Worker(AWW) and Anganwadi Helper

Immunization*

Children below 6 years:
Pregnant & Lactating Mother (P&LM)

Auxiliary Nurse Midwives (ANM) and Medial Officer (MO)

Health Check-up*

Children below 6 years:
Pregnant & Lactating Mother (P&LM)

ANM/MO/AWW

Referral Services

Children below 6 years:
Pregnant & Lactating Mother (P&LM)

AWW/ANM/MO

Pre-School Education

Children 3-6 years

AWW

Nutrition & Health Education

Women (15-45 years)

AWW/ANM/MO

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Nutrition including Supplementary Nutrition services:

 


This includes supplementary feeding and growth monitoring; and prophylaxis against vitamin A deficiency and control of nutritional anaemia. All families in the community are surveyed, to identify children below the age of six and pregnant & nursing mothers. They avail of supplementary feeding support for 300 days in a year. By providing supplementary feeding, the Anganwadi attempts to bridge the caloric gap between the national recommended and average intake of children and women in low income and disadvantaged communities.
Growth Monitoring and nutrition surveillance are two important activities that are undertaken. Children below the age of three years of age are weighed once a month and children 3-6 years of age are weighed quarterly. Weight-for-age growth cards are maintained for all children below six years. This helps to detect growth faltering and helps in assessing nutritional status. Besides, severely malnourished children are given special supplementary feeding and referred to medical services.

Immunization services:


Immunization of pregnant women and infants protects children from six vaccine preventable diseases-poliomyelitis, diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, tuberculosis and measles. These are major preventable causes of child mortality, disability, morbidity and related malnutrition. Immunization of pregnant women against tetanus also reduces maternal and neonatal mortality.

Health Check-ups:


This includes health care of children less than six years of age, antenatal care of expectant mothers and postnatal care of nursing mothers. The various health services provided for children by anganwadi workers and Primary Health Centre (PHC) staff, include regular health check-ups, recording of weight, immunization, management of malnutrition, treatment of diarrhoea, de-worming and distribution of simple medicines etc.
 
Referral Services:

During health check-ups and growth monitoring, sick or malnourished children, in need of prompt medical attention, are referred to the Primary Health Centre or its sub-centre. The anganwadi worker has also been oriented to detect disabilities in young children. She enlists all such cases in a special register and refers them to the medical officer of the Primary Health Centre/ Sub-centre.

Non-formal Pre-School Education (PSE) services


The Non-formal Pre-school Education (PSE) component of the ICDS may well be considered the backbone of the ICDS programme, since all its services essentially converge at the anganwadi – a village courtyard. Anganwadi Centre (AWC) – a village courtyard – is the main platform for delivering of these services. These AWCs have been set up in every village in the country. In pursuance of its commitment to the cause of India’s Children, present government has decided to set up an AWC in every human habitation/ settlement.
This is also the most joyful play-way daily activity, visibly sustained for three hours a day. It brings and keeps young children at the anganwadi centre - an activity that motivates parents and communities. PSE, as envisaged in the ICDS, focuses on total development of the child, in the age up to six years, mainly from the underprivileged groups.
Its programme for the three-to six years old children in the anganwadi is directed towards providing and ensuring a natural, joyful and stimulating environment, with emphasis on necessary inputs for optimal growth and development. The early learning component of the ICDS is a significant input for providing a sound foundation for cumulative lifelong learning and development. It also contributes to the universalization of primary education, by providing to the child the necessary preparation for primary schooling and offering substitute care to younger siblings, thus freeing the older ones – especially girls – to attend school.

Nutrition and Health Education
:

Nutrition, Health and Education (NHED) is a key element of the work of the anganwadi worker. This forms part of BCC (Behaviour Change Communication) strategy. This has the long term goal of capacity-building of women – especially in the age group of 15-45 years – so that they can look after their own health, nutrition and development needs as well as that of their children and families.

Medicine Kits

Under this component of the ICDS scheme medicine kits are to be provided at all the Anganwadi Centres for the children, adolescent girls and women.


State Government assisted schemes


Pre-School Education Kits

Under this component of the ICDS scheme, pre-school kits are to be provided at all the Anganwadi Centres for the children less than six years of age.

Construction of Project Buildings and Anganwadi Centres

Under this scheme, government is funding the construction of AWCs wherever it is run in rental buildings.

Who is responsible for implementing the Department of Social Welfare, Women and Child Development Schemes?


Mr.M.D.Islamuddin is the Latehar District Social Welfare Officer. Under him, Child Development Programme Officers (CDPOs) are working to deliver various child and adolescent related services in different regions of the district. Each CDPO is responsible for managing about 100 ICDS services. They are assisted by Supervisors who are responsible for cluster of ICDS.
At the block level Lady Extension Officer (LEO) is responsible for all women related services of the government. At the village level, Sevikas are the cutting edge or delivery point providing various child and women friendly services.

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