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DEPARTMENT OF FOOD SUPPLY

 

Who we are

   

The Department of Supply is charged with the prime responsibility of public distribution food and ration items to the consumers or ration card holders.  Public Distribution System (PDS) is assuring food security by supplying food items  at subsidized rates to the poor families.
Major commodities distributed through the PDS include wheat, rice, sugar, and kerosene. The government of India manages the food supply and various ration items through Food Corporation of India (FCI) as part of the national policy of farm price support, procurement, storage, preservation, inter-state movement and distribution operations. PDS has a network of Fair Price Shops (FPS) to deliver the ration and food items operated through the Supply Department of the district.
Through this department, various food entitlement schemes are being run to distribute the food and ration items to target groups. Therefore, this department is created to ensure food security and to provide essential non-food items to the neediest poor in the district.

Background

   

The objective of the department is to ensure the supply of food grains at reasonable price to the consumers through the public distribution system. The department essentially regulates the availability and access to food to ensure food security of vulnerable lots.
Food is an essential life supporting input for human survival. Human life and livelihood is based on the prompt supply, availability and access to food for all. Therefore, ensuring the availability, access and provision of food grains to all is the mandates of the government to create hunger free Jharkhand in order to serve the poorest of the poor in the State.

For this, the Department of Food, Public Distribution and Consumer Affairs has been assigned the task of distribution of food grains and other essential commodities to the people of the district. The commodities include rice, wheat, sugar and Kerosene Oil, which are supplied to the Public in general and the people living below the poverty line in particular. These foods are being distributed through the Public Distribution outlets called ration shops.

To ensure fair distribution of ration items, government has devised ration cards as per the eligibility criteria to target the needy groups. The Supply Department is taking care of the supply, distribution and provisions of both food and non-food essential items to the public in general and targeted families in particular. During drought and emergency, the PDS outlets/ration shops serve as a delivery point for distribution of various life supporting food and essential items. Therefore, Food Supply Department is providing essential communities to the families. This Department touches all the families and therefore is one of the key units of the district.

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What are the functions of the Department

   

Through the Supply Department, Government has been providing various ration items to the general and targeted families. The key functions are given below.

  • Distribution of ration items to the Public Distribution Dealers (PDS).
  • Provision of food rations and other essential commodities to the families as per the government norms through the PDS dealers.
  • Administration of food security related schemes.
  • Creating stocks of food items and ensure the supply of food insecure families during food crisis-drought and other emergencies.

Development  schemes of the Central and State Governments

Central Government schemes


The Centrally supported schemes implemented through the State and District Supply Department is given below.

Public Distribution System


Public Distribution System (PDS) means distribution of essential commodities to a large number of people through a network of FPS on continuous basis. The Commodities are as follows:

  • Wheat
  • Rice
  • Sugar
  • Kerosene

PDS was evolved for ensuring availability of food grains to the public at affordable prices as well as for enhancing the food security for the poor. It is an important part of poverty eradication and is intended to serve as a safety net for the poor and nutritionally at risk. 
PDS is operated under the joint responsibility of the Central and the State Governments. The Central Government has taken the responsibility for procurement, storage, transportation and bulk allocation of food grains. The responsibility for distributing the same to the consumers through the network of Fair Price Shops (FPSs) rests with the State Governments. The operational responsibilities including allocation within the State, identification of families below poverty line, issue of ration cards, supervision and monitoring the functioning of FPSs rest with the District supply department.

Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS)

   

 Government of India launched the Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS) with focus on the poor. Under the TPDS, States are required to formulate and implement fool proof arrangements for identification of the poor for delivery of food grains and for its distribution in a transparent and accountable manner at the FPS level.

The identification of the poor under the scheme is done by the district as per State-wise poverty estimates of the Planning   Commission. The allocation of food grains to the States was made on the basis of average   consumption in the past i.e. average annual off-take of food grains under the PDS. 

The quantum of food grains in excess of the requirement of BPL families was provided to the State as ‘transitory allocation’.  The transitory allocation was intended for continuation of benefit of subsidized food grains to the population Above the Poverty Line (APL). The transitory allocation was issued at prices, which were subsidized but were higher than the prices for the BPL quota of food grains.

Annapurna Yojana (APY)

   

Under this scheme 10 kg of rice per month per beneficiary is given free of cost. The rice is distributed to the beneficiaries directly by the district administration without any intervention of PDS dealers. District Supply Department is directly doing the distribution of rice to the beneficiary after lifting from FCI go-downs and there is no role of PDS dealers in the distribution of Annapurna rice.

Establishment of Village Grain Bank

   

The main objective of the scheme is to provide safeguard against starvation during the period of natural calamity or during the lean season when the BPL/AAY household do not have sufficient resources to purchase the rations. Such people in need of food-grains will be able to borrow food grains from Village Grain Banks set up within the village. The group will decide the quantity to be lent and period of repayment of grains lifted from the grain bank.

The grain banks are to be set up in food scarce areas like the drought prone areas, tribal areas and the inaccessible hilly areas, which remain cut off during natural calamities like drought and flood etc. The scheme will have two component, namely, food component and cash component. Under the food component each grain bank will store one quintal of food-grains (rice and wheat) for an average 40 BPL/Antyodaya families, which will be released as one time grant by Central Government. The cash component will include cost of weights and measures, storage bins/go-downs, rentals, training, transportation, administrative and monitoring expenses which would be released by the Central Government through State Government for setting up and running of the grain bank. 50% of transportation cost  will be borne by State Government per Grain Bank.

Food grains are issued on difference of present cost and initial cost of Food grains (rice). The State Government has to provide storage space like Bins, etc. It is proposed to have village grain banks first in the villages of primitive tribes and other ST and SC families.

State Government Schemes Antyodaya Anna Yojna (AAY)

   

Under this scheme, food grains (wheat and rice) at the rate of 35 kg per family every month at subsidised rate Rs. 2.00 per kg for wheat and Rs. 3.00 per kg of rice. These are distributed to the selected families.  The cost of handling, transportation, dealer’s margin money, sales taxes etc. are borne by the State.

Antodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) is intended for making TPDS aim at reducing hunger among   the poorest segments of the BPL population.   A National Sample Survey Exercise points towards the fact that about 5 % of the total population in the country sleeps without two square meals a day. This section of the population is called as “hungry”. In order to make TPDS more focused and targeted towards this category of population, the “Antyodaya Anna Yojana” (AAY) was launched for the poorest of the poor families. 

This scheme is generally extended to landless agriculture labourers, marginal farmers, rural artisans/craftsmen, such as potters, tanners, weavers, blacksmiths, carpenters, slum dwellers, and persons earning their livelihood, on daily basis in the informal sector like porters, coolies, rickshaw pullers, hand cart pullers, fruit and flower sellers, snake charmers, rag pickers, cobblers, destitute and other similar categories irrespective of rural or urban areas. 

Households headed by widows or terminally ill persons or disabled persons or persons aged 60 years or more with no assured means of subsistence or societal support.    Widows or terminally ill persons or disabled persons or persons aged 60 years or more or single women or single men with no family or societal support or assured means of subsistence and primitive tribal households are targeted.   

Distribution of Iodised Salt

   

Under this scheme, each BPL family is eligible to  get 2 kg iodised salt per month at the subsidised rate of 25 paise per kg  to BPL families including AAY families.

Construction of Go-downs

   

Keeping in view the limited storage capacity for food grains received from Government of India through FCI, the State Government has plan to construct go-downs in areas where storage capacity is inadequate. Construction of go-down of 1000 MT capacity at the District headquarters and Sub-Divisional headquarters and of 250 MT capacity at Block premises have been part of the scheme.

Free Distribution of Single Burner LPG Chulha to BPL (ANTYODAYA) Families

   

The scheme of free distribution of single burner LPG chulha with 5 kg cylinder to
BPL families (including Antyodaya families) have been under implementation under this scheme.

Mukhya Mantri Khadhayan Sahayata Yojana

   

Most of the BPL families of the State are very poor. They live in remote, forest and hilly areas. It is observed that the BPL families living in the State could not purchase wheat and rice at present prevailing BPL rate and are facing problem of inadequate nutritional support. Hence, the Government has decided to give subsidy to the BPL families by allowing them to purchase wheat and rice at the rate of Antyodaya, that  Rs. 2.00 per kg for wheat and Rs. 3.00 per kg for rice. This scheme has been started from 2009-10. These quantities include the cost of food grains, transportation cost including Door Step Delivery and PDS, commission, etc.

Distribution of levy sugar

   

Government distributes levy sugar to targeted BPL (including Antyodaya) families at the subsidized rate. In 2010-11, 2.06 kg of levy sugar have to be distributed per family per month.

Distribution of Foodgrains to APL Families

   

Food grains, Kerosene Oil, etc. are being distributed to APL families. In 2009-10 Government has decided to make available APL food grains to PDS shop level through door step delivery and enhance PDS shops commission.

Distribution of Kerosene Oil

   

Kerosene Oil is being distributed among households of the District.  Kerosene Oil is allotted to Districts at the rate of 4.72 litre per household according to their no. of households.

Who is heading the Department

   

The District Supply Officer is heading this Department. At present Mr.Indra Deo Mandal is the is the District Supply Officer.

 

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