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REVENUE DEPARTMENT

Who we are

 

Revenue Department (RD) is one of the oldest units of government and governance. It has long history linked with pre-British and during colonial rule of British.

This is one of the core departments of the district and state. RD is mainly dealing with the protection of land assets, maintenance of land records and collection of land revenue. This department is very closely linked with every citizen of India. During the life time, every citizen is interfacing with the Revenue Department for various certification and land related issues. Therefore, it is an important department closely linked with everyone in the district.

Background

   

The history of Land Administration dates back to the olden days of kings and Kingdoms. Land Revenue was the major source of revenue for the kings. Prosperity of the kingdom was dependent on levy of tax and its recovery. Land served as a main source of power and revenue for the pre-British rulers and during the British regime. British colonial regime brought the system Zamindary (land lords for collection of land revenue) for collection of land revenue during their rule. They appointed Zaimindars for land revenue collection and management of land and water resources. These Zaimindars served as centres of power in view of the authority and control of large land resources under their hold.

After the abolition of zamindary system, Government of India took over the responsibility through the Revenue Department to manage the land, rivers and water and public resources as well as for collection of revenue. Land is a key livelihood and immovable asset. The status of the family and the income flow of the family were closely linked with the land holdings. Many family and inter-village disputes were closely linked with lands the contentious issues of land ownership.  Therefore, clear and legal ownership of land is key element of governance and dispute resolution.

To establish ownership rights for land, registration with clear title in the name of owner and maintaing and managing land records are important both for the Government and land owners. It is also easy for the Government to collect the land revenue or to pay compensation, if lands are acquired. This led to the creation of Revenue Department to serve the citizens effectively and to resolve inter-family land disputes through fair land record system.

Without a clear legal system and government authority, land owners cannot establish land title, if questioned. With clear land ownership rights will also facilitate agricultural operations and to get loan from banks/subsidy under various schemes without difficulty. In view of these reasons, Revenue Department was set up to boost the income of the government and economy of the state.

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What we do

   

 Revenue Department was created mainly for:

    • Assess and collect of land revenue, collection of local cess, collection of court fees, recovery of loans and advances, other dues of various departments, and all other dues recoverable as arrears of land revenue.
    • Prepare and maintain "Land Records" related to revenue accounts.
    • Exercise the statutory powers endowed under Land laws, Land Acquisition Act, and various other land reform enactments.

    Core functions

     

     Through the Revenue Department, we do the following functions

    • Supervision of land revenue collection.
    • Supervision of disposal of revenue cases
    • Sub-Collectors/Tahasildars appellate authority in land laws
    • Revisional authority of under various land laws.
    • Collection of land revenue, royalty, water and other tax
    • Responsible for land mutation/incorporate the changes in the revenue records
    • Recovery of land arrears from the families
    • Legal authority for attaching properties in case of failure to provide land revenue.
    • Collection of premium money for conversion of land from agriculture to non-agriculture use.
    • Responsible for leasing out Fisheries, Hats (markets), Melas, Toddy Mahals and Ferry Rights
    • Responsible for issuing patta/registration of land ownership
    • Assessment of irrigation area for water rates
    • Main functionary of relief and rehabilitation during natural disasters.
    • Legal authority for issuing licence and cancellation of licence under Arms Act.
    • Modernisation of survey and settlement through digistisaiton and computerised system of land records.
    • Providing citizen services like issuing identify cord, smart card, permits, land records, income certificates etc.
    • Responsible for land estates and settlement of tenure rights as per the land and tenure laws.

    Departments within the Revenue Department

       
    • Within the Revenue, the following units are functioning.

      • Revenue collection and recovery department
      • Survey department

      The Revenue collection and recovery departments are responsible for collection and recovery of revenue. The Survey Department is mainly dealing with measuring land, fixing boundaries of holdings, settling assessment of the agricultural land. They determine boundaries of villages, cities and towns and fixes boundary marks.

    Central Government schemes
    Computerisation of land records

       

    The scheme has the following features.

    • Easy maintenance and updating of changes which occur in the land data base such as changes due to creation of irrigation facilities, natural calamities, or on account of legal changes like transfer of ownership, partition, land acquisition, lease etc,
    • Computerisation of ownership and plot-wise details for issue of timely and accurate copy of the record of rights to the land owners
    • Creation of ‘land information system’ and database for effective land reforms, revenue administration and development planning at the grass-root levels and distribution of computerized copies of Records of Rights (RORs)
    • Reliable preservation of land records for long time.
    • Fast and efficient retrieval of information, both graphical and textual. The ultimate objective of the scheme is ‘on-line management’ and Modernization in Land Administration.
    • Ensuring speed, accuracy, transparency and dispute resolution. Information empowerment of landowners and approach to management of land administration.

    Under this scheme, already, the District Administration of Latehar has completed the digitisation works and is on the way for making it online. The advantage is that if it is online,  the general public can access to all land records in digital format through Pragiya Kendra and directly through the Revenue Department. If this is implemented, the following are the benefits.
    • Outdated maintenance procedures can be phased out and replaced by computerized updating of the land records.
    • The department can minimise vexatious boundary disputes and consequently civil litigation can efficiently safeguard the survey framework on ground.
    • Harnessing of computerised database of every feature of land records in terms of Survey Fields and subdivisions (individual land holdings) for macro level and micro level planning activities, including the all important watershed development activity.
    • Computerized Land Information System ensures easy and instantaneous availability of correct record to the public and thereby helps in introducing the much-warranted transparency of public records in this important domain.

     

    STRENGTHENING OF REVENUE ADMINISTRATION AND UPDATING OF LAND RECORDS (SRA & ULR)

    The second important scheme is Strengthening of Revenue Administration and Updating of Land Records. Under this, the following are the key functions.

    • Updation and systematic maintenance of land records to reflect ground realities in sync with ownership changes, ensure genuine land transactions  and implement rural development programmes for effective enforcement of land reforms. It will minimize land disputes and create social harmony in villages.
    • Strengthening of survey and settlement organisations for an early completion and preparation of land records in areas where this work still remains to be done.
    • Setting up of survey and settlement organisation especially in the northern regions where no land records exist.
    • Imparting the pre-service and in-service training of revenue , survey and settlement staff and strengthening of training infrastructure in their purpose.
    • Providing the facilities for the modernisation  of survey and settlement operations, printing of survey maps , reports/documents and for storage , copying and updating of land and crops records using , amounting other things ,science and technology inputs.
    • Strengthening of revenue machinery in the village and immediate supervisory levels on a selective basis to make the workload of these functionaries manageable.

    DISTRIBUTION OF CEILING SURPLUS LAND

    With the introduction of land ceiling legislation, ceiling on land holdings was introduced with recommended ceiling limits ranging from 10-18 acres for irrigated land with two crops,27 acres for irrigated land with one crop and 54 acres for dry land. In pursuance of point No. 5A of the 20-Point Programme of the Govt. of India, the Land Reforms Division fixes annual targets for actual distribution of ceiling surplus land. The Govt. of India have issued Guidelines for distribution of ceiling surplus land to the rural poor including SCs/STs.
    Distribution of Government’ Wastelands has been one of the key strategies of land reforms in the Country. It has been the accepted policy of the Central Government that wastelands at the disposal of the State Governments should be distributed amongst eligible rural poor. The State Government of Jharkhand is distributing Government wastelands and Bhoodan Lands to the rural poor. In Latehar, Revenue Department is responsible for distribution of land to the landless poor.


    CONFIRMATION OF OWNERSHIP RIGHTS TO TENANTS

    Legislative provisions have been made in many areas of the country for conferment of ownership rights on tenants or allowing cultivating tenants to acquire ownership rights on payment of compensation. Some of the States have acquired ownership of land from landowners and transferred it to tenants. Sub-tenancies are generally prohibited all over the country except in certain cases, viz., widows, members of Armed Forces, minors, unmarried women, persons suffering from disabilities etc. The Revenue Department is responsible for implementation of this scheme.


    PREVENTION OF ALIENATION AND RESTORATION OF ALIENATED TRIBAL LAND

    State goverment have accepted the policy of prohibiting transfer of land from tribals to non-tribals and restoration of alienated land to tribals. States with large tribal populations have enacted laws prohibiting alienation of tribal lands and promoting restoration of alienated land.
    In Jharkhand, Chotanagpur Tenancy Act is being implemented through the Department. The Revenue Department is the protector of the land rights of the tribes within the legal system and framework.
    State Schemes of Revenue Department

    The following are the state government schemes of Revenue Department implemented through the RD of the district.

    Revision of Land Survey and Settlement records

    The job of preparation of tenants "Records of Rights" is going on in six survey
    and settlement offices in selected districts.  It is proposed to printing the village maps, forms, other records and related work in the plan scheme.

    Development of Hat, Bazar, Fair, Tank, River basin etc. under “Sairat

    This scheme aims at developing Hat, Bazar & Mela under Sairats which are
    important for day to day life of the rural people.

    Construction / Renovation of Revenue Tehsiles, Kutcheries and Damin
    Bungalows etc.

    Under this scheme, government is supporting for creation new revenue infrastructure and renovation of existing infrastructure such as  Halka Kutcheries Circle Offices, Halka Kutcheries Damin bungalows, Tehsil Kutcheries, Damin bungalows,  Circle Officer's and Karamcharies Quarters.

    Legal Aid for the Restoration of Illegally transferred/alienated Tribal Lands

    In order to prevent alienation of raiyati interest of tribals of the state, specific
    restrictions have been incorporated in the Chhotanagpur Tenancy Act, 1908. In case of illegal transfer of raiyati rights provision for restoration of their land have been provided. The amount of legal assistance has been fixed at Rs. 5000/- per case.
    Financial Aid for cultivation after the restoration of illegally transferred/alienated Tribal Land

    As per this scheme, economic aid of Rs. 5000 per Acre is given for the cultivation.

    Economic aid to the Allottees of Surplus Ceiling Land

    Under this scheme, surplus lands are allotted to STs / SCs / Backwards / Retired Soldiers/other landless persons for agriculture purposes. They are assisted with financial assistance of Rs. 1000 per acre for development of land.

     

    Who heads the Revenue Department and key functionaries

    Additional Collector

    At the districts level, the revenue work is being carried on by the Additional Collector (AC) under the general control and supervision of the DC. The Additional Collector is exclusively dealing with revenue and land related matters. The AC is the district appellant authority under land laws. AC is overall responsible for revenue collection and recovery in the district. AC exercises administrative control over the entire revenue and land related functions of the district.  AC assists DC on all matters related revenue and land administration and reforms.

    Sub divisional Officers

    The Sub Divisional Officer (Civil) is a miniature Deputy Commissioner in his designated subdivision of the district. In fact, under many revenue legislations, SDO is invariably vested with powers of Collector/DC, to be exercised within his jurisdiction/sub-division. SDO also hears appeals as (Deputy/Divisional) Collector of the subdivision, against the orders of Assistant Collectors, Grade II (Tahsildars) and Assistant Collectors, Grade I (Tahsildars in partition cases).
    SDO is either a junior member of the Indian Administrative Service or a senior member of the State Civil Service, who has earned extensive experience in subordinate positions. SDO exercises direct control over the Tahsildars and the staff in his subdivision. He is the normal channel of correspondence between the Deputy Commissioner and the Tahsildar in the subdivision.
    The powers and responsibilities of the Sub Divisional Officer relating to revenue, magisterial, executive and development matters within his jurisdiction, are analogous to those of the Deputy Commissioner. His revenue duties include supervision and inspection of all matters from assessment to collection of land revenue; co-ordination of work of all officials in the subdivision, particularly in the departments of Revenue, Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and Public Health within the subdivision.
    His magisterial duties are: liaison and co-ordination with police in the subdivision; watch over the relations between various communities and classes; special precautions and actions in emergency, especially connected with festivals; and recommendations to the District Magistrate/DC, when he is himself not competent, for grant of arms licences. He has ample powers under revenue laws and other laws to exercise effective supervision over the law and order situation in his area.
    For the elections to the Vidhan Sabha, SDO is generally appointed as Returning Officer for the constituency/ constituencies in his jurisdiction. For elections to the Lok Sabha constituencies , SDO is generally appointed as Assistant Returning Officer.

    Circle Officer

    The officer in-charge of a circle is called Circle Officer (CO). The area of CO is mostly the designated block area or the specific area jurisdiction assigned.  Cos are directly accountable to SDO. COs hold similar power of SDO in the circle on all matters of revenue and magisterial duties. In revenue matters, both exercise the powers of Assistant Collector, in their circles as Circle Revenue Officers. COs are appointed as ex officio Executive Magistrates in the circule of their posting. However, a CO is vested with powers of Assistant Collector, with regard to the partition cases in the whole Circle. He wields powers to co-ordinate and distribute work among sub-ordinates. In this regard, a Cos are competent to make and issue certificates as per the authorisation issued. All recommendations, even in the revenue circles of CO are routed through Sub Divisional Officer (Civil) and to the Deputy Commissioner.
    For elections to the Vidhan Sabha, a Tahsildar is, invariably be appointed as Assistant Returning Officer for the constituency/constituencies falling in his Circle.
    The COs are primarily responsible for collection of land revenue and other dues payable to the Government. To remain in touch with the subordinate revenue staff, to observe the seasonal conditions and condition of crops, to listen to the difficulties of the cultivators. They decide urgent matters on the spot, like correction of entries in the account books, providing relief to the people faced with natural calamities, etc. They prepare reports and recommend to the Government for remission or suspension of land revenue and bring the records up to date. They also sit in the courts to settle disputes of tenancy, arrears of rent ejectment of tenants, entries in account books, etc. besides doing other kind of work.

    Whom to contact on Revenue/land matters
    At present Mr.Sharwan Soy is the Additional Collector who is responsible for all the revenue and land related matters of the district. He is technically assisting DC and other divisional and circle officials.

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schemes implemented by the Welfare Department

 

Government has system of planning for SC and ST with specific focus for them. All the SC and ST schemes are brought under what we call “Tribal Sub-plan” (TSP) and “SC-Sub-plan”. Government is allocating money as per the percentage of SC and ST in the district/state. At the district level both central and state government assisted programmes are being implemented.

Central government assisted programmes

 
  • The primitive tribal development programme is 100% assisted by government of India. The schemes that are under implementation are:

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Conservation cum Development (CCD) Plan for Primitive Tribal Groups (PTG).

 

Since Primitive Tribal Groups constitute the most vulnerable section among tribals and inhabit isolated, remote and difficult areas in small and scattered hamlets/habitats, the scheme aims at planning their socio-economic development in a holistic manner by adopting habitat development approach and intervening in all spheres of their social and economic life, so that the quality of life of Primitive Tribal Groups is improved and a visible impact is made.

The scheme will cover only the identified Primitive Tribal Groups. The primitive tribes inhabit in Latehar are Parahia, Birhor, Asur, Korba, and Brijia.  About 2412 Primitive Tribes families totalling around 11660 persons reside in 153 villages situated in this district.

The scheme is extremely flexible because it enables every district to focus on areas that they consider is relevant to their PTGs and their socio-cultural environment. Activities under it may include housing, land distribution, land development, agricultural development, cattle development, construction of link roads, installation of non-conventional sources of energy for lighting purpose, social security or any other innovative activity meant for the socio-economic development of Primitive Tribal Groups.

Under this scheme, government of India is assisting PTG for preservation of them and helping them to improve their life and livelihoods. Under this scheme, government evolved plan for mobilisation, training of the PTG on need based livelihoods and providing subsidised credit support to the members.

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SC and ST Corporation

 

SC and ST Corporation is a central government body and is helping the state government through Jharkhand state scheduled caste corporation (JSSCDC) by way of distribution of loans to the beneficiaries for initiating livelihoods and for improving the existing livelihoods.

This corporation is also supporting tribes through Large Area Multipurpose Co-operatives (LAMPS) and tribal co-operative societies for procurement of minor forest products and surplus agricultural products like Tamarind / Mahua Flower / Chironjee / Barbati / Tassar Cocoon etc. through LAMPS and Tribal Cooperative Societies and marketing with the help of Tribal Co-operative Marketing Federation of India (TRIFED) and through other recognised agencies.

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State Government schemes for STs and PTGs

 
The state government schemes that are under implementation for ST and PTG are presented below.
  • Vocational training programmes for tribal ST youth such as computer training, nursing, food processing and electronic trades in collaboration with other agencies.
  • Hostel for  ST students.
  • Running of  Ashram School
  • Schools for girls.
  • School for Primitive tribal groups (PTG)
  • Supply of dress to ST school going girl children.
  • Tuition free reimbursement to ST
  • Birsa Munda Technical Scholarship for tribes enrolled in engineering and medical colleges outside the state.
  • Stipend for ST school going children
  • Distribution of bicycles to girl students studying in 8th standard.
  • Construction of Multi-purpose halls, additional classrooms in the residential schools of hostels, solar electrification villages.
  • Irrigation schemes for tribes various other infrastructural irrigation infrastructure in tribal areas.
  • Legal Aid for tribes
  • Birsa Awas Yojna for the PTGs:- This scheme intends to provide free house to PTGs
  • Bharat Darshan Yojna:- This scheme intends to support PTGs of the State to travel outside the state for promoting the tribal cultural heritage.
  • Solar Lamp Distribution: Free distribution of Solar lamps to SC, ST and PTG families with the help of Jharkhand Energy Development Agency.
  • Distribution of assets for income generation and training programmes
  • Support for construction of water harvesting structures and tank construction in tribal and sc areas
  • Distribution of fruit bearing plants.
  • Support for ST families for undertaking Dairy development, homestead poultry, goat rearing lac and tasar cultivation.
  • Medical Aid for tribes for families in distress.
  • Economic and Social Development through MESO-Micro Economic and Social Organisation Scheme. Under this scheme, support is rendered for improving the social and economic conditions of the tribes. Project MESO was created to implement schemes under Integrated Tribal Development Programme in tribal sub-plan
  • Health insurance scheme for PTG.
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Muslim Communities

 

 

The schemes that are in implementation with focus on Muslim communities are given below.
  • Construction of Haj house, for the benefit of Haj pilgrims
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  • State & District level committee for the Welfare of Minority under new 15 point programme of Prim-Minister, have been constituted.
  • Sending Haj Pilgrims for Haj yatra
  • Multi-Sectoral Development Programme for Minority is being implemented as per guideline of Government of India.
  • Various scheme of scholarship for Minority Students have been introduced as per Government of India guidelines. Pre-Matric Scholarship, Post Matric Scholarship and Merit-cum- Means Scholarships are being delivered through the Welfare department.
  • Construction of Hostel for Boys & Girls Hostel
  • Hostel repairing maintenance.  Furniture, TV, Utensil for Hostels, Tarit Chalak
  • Vocational Commercial training for Minority boys & girls students
  • Bicycle for Minority Girls and Boys Students
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Welfare of SCs

 

The schemes that are running through the Welfare Department is given under.

  • Furniture, utensils TV for boys and Girls Hostel, Tarit Chalak
  • Re-imbursement of Examination fee
  • Primary/Middle/High school/Post Matric & Sport Stipend, Unclean
  • Occupation, School Bags
  • Medical Aid
  • Vocational Training
  • Legal Aid
  • Construction & Renovation of Residential School
  •  Bicycle for Girls Students
  • Hostel renovation
  • Ambedkar Technical Scholarship for SC students enrolled in engineering and medical colleges outside the state.

 

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Welfare of Other Backward Castes (OBCs)

 

The schemes that are running through the Welfare Department for OBC community is given below.

  • Reimbursement of Examination fee
  • Grant to BC Corporation
  • Bicycle for BC Girls and Boys Students
  • Medical Aid
  • Furniture, TV & Utensil for Hostel, Tarit Chalak
  • Vocational Training (Commercial) for BC
  • Maintenance of residential School
  • Tarit Chalak, Computer TV
  • Construction & renovation of residential school
  • Renovation of BC Hostels
  • Primary/Middle school
  • High school
  • Post Matric School
  • Sport Stipend
  • Pre Matric School
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    Who is heading the Welfare Department ?

     

    A district officer is looking after the entire function of Welfare Department. At present Mr. Subash Kumar is the Latehar District Welfare Officer. The Welfare Officer is responsible for implementation of the above schemes as per the financial allocation for Latehar district.

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