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District Rural Development Agency (DRDA)

Who we are

 


District Rural Development Agency
(DRDAs) is district level rural development/poverty alleviation scheme related functions and monitoring agency of the District administration created under the Indian Societies Registration Act. This agency was created to initiate fast track implementation of rural development schemes at the district level.
Substantial sums of rural development funds of government of India were/are transferred a to DRDA. DRDA is an extremely important institution at the district level to provide decentralized development administration of poverty reduction programmes of the district. It serves as a separate cell functioning within Deputy Development Commissioner (DDC) to pay attention to poverty alleviation initiatives at the district level.
DRDA implements several programmes that aim at alleviating rural poverty through creation of infrastructure and by generating sustainable employment opportunities for the rural poor. It provides subsidies for acquiring employment generating assets in order to generate self employment opportunities for the families below poverty line.

 

Background

 


The District Rural Development Agency (DRDA) has traditionally been the principal organ at the District level to oversee the implementation of different anti-poverty programmes. Earlier, the Rural Development Department of the District through DDC implemented the anti-poverty schemes in rural areas with the administrative control of the state. The same department implemented both central and state government schemes.

Being an administrative unit of the government, there were constraints in quick decision making and faster flow of funds from central to the district level. To accelerate the implementation of the entire spectrum of rural development programmes of the central government, the Ministry of Rural Development conceived a district level body for quick implementation of the rural development programmes. Given this, DRDAs were created all over the India at the district level, including Latehar.  

Since its inception, the administrative costs of DRDAs were met by way of setting apart a share of the allocations for each programme. However, of late, the number of the programmes had increased and while some of the programmes provided for administrative costs for DRDAs, others did not. There was no uniformity among the different programmes with reference to administrative costs.

Keeping in view the need for an effective agency at the district level to coordinate the anti-poverty effort, a new Centrally Sponsored Scheme for strengthening the DRDAs has been introduced with effect from 1st April, 1999. Accordingly, the administrative costs are met by providing a separate budget provisions. This scheme which is funded on a 75:25 basis between Centre and States, aims at strengthening and professionalsing the DRDAs. Therefore, DRDAs were created with a view to improve the delivery of various rural development programmes.

DRDAs were also created with a view to decentralize the decision making power at the district level so that the district level planning and implementation will be advanced with greater engagement and ownerships of the district administration and local development stakeholders with the active participation of the elected panchayat representatives.

Objectives, Structure and functions of DRDA Objectives of DRDRA

 


The primary objective of DRDA Schemes is to professionalize the DRDAs so that they are able to effectively manage the anti poverty programmes of the Ministry of Rural Development and interact effectively with other agencies. The other objectives of the agency are:

  • Alleviating rural poverty through creation of infrastructure including rural roads.
  • Generating sustainable employment opportunities for the rural poor.
  • Providing credit and subsidies for acquiring employment generating assets for creation of self-employment to families below poverty line with the co-ordination of financial Institutions.
  • To identify the families living below the poverty line (BPL)/targeting the neediest segment through survey conducted by the government and to provide support to them to lift them from poverty.
  • To provide financial assistance to these B.P.L. families through banks and government sponsored schemes.
  • To draw up model plans for the district through technical departments, for executing the labour generating schemes.
  • To monitor the implementation of the rural development schemes and to ensure the schemes implemented as per the plan

Structure

Like other districts, the DRDA in Latehar is a society registered under Societies Registration Act. It is an entity functioning within the DDC with the administrative control of the DC.

DRDA is headed by a Project Director. The DRDA staffing structure include positions for Planning for poverty alleviation, Project  formulation, Social Organization and Capacity builing , Gender concerns, Engineering Supervision and Quality control, Project Monitoring, Accountancy and Audit functions as well as Evaluation and impact studies.

Project Director  

DRDA in Latehar is headed by a Project Director, who should be the rank of a Additional District Magistrate/DC. The Project Director shall preferably be a senior scale officer of All India Services or a senior officer of the State Service, eligible of appointment to the All India Services. The Project Director is overall charge of  the activities of the DRDA and responsible for interaction with the District/State administration as well as with the Government of India. The PD should be exclusively for DRDA work.

Governing body

The administration of the DRDA is carried out by a governing body. The Governing Body of the DRDA will provide policy directions, approve the annual plan and also review and monitor the implementation of the plan, including the different programmes. They shall give such directions to the DRDA as may be necessary from time to time. The Governing Body of the DRDA will meet once in a quarter The composition of the governing body shall be as follows.

  • Deputy Commissioner- Chairman
  • All MPs and MLAs and MLCs of the District
  • Zilla Parishad Chairperson and representation from Panchayat Samiti Chairpersons to be nominated by rotation in alphabetical order for a tenure of one year, one of whom must belong to SC/ST and another a woman.
  • Representation from Lead Bank/Lead bank offer
  • NABARD representative at district level
  • General Manager, DIC
  • District Officer for Scheduled Caste / Scheduled Tribe Welfare
  • District women & Child welfare officer
  • Representatives of NGOs
  • Representatives of the weaker sections, one of whom may be drawn from SCs and STs including rural women

Project Director of DRDA is   Member Secretary responsible for convening the meeting and for implementing the decision of the governing body.

Executive Committee (EC)

All executive and financial powers of the DRDA is exercised by the executive committee. This Committee is fully accountable in all matters of DRDA to the governing body as well as to the Government. The Executive Committee of DRDA shall be headed by the DRDA Director and shall consist of all the District level officers engaged in planning and implementation of the anti-poverty programmes. The Project Director DRDA is the Member-Secretary of the EC. The Executive Committee normally will meet at least once in a month. Each DRDA shall have the following wings:

  • Self - employment Wing;
  • Women's wing;
  • Wage employment wing;
  • Engineering wing;
  • Account wing;
  • Monitoring and Evaluation wing;
  • General Administration wing;

Self- Employment Wing

The self-employment Wing is headed by a Project Officer/APOs  in the field of planning, social mobilization, credit and Technology. The PO/APO would look after group formation, capacity building, monitoring of groups, choice of activities for groups, release of revolving funds and coordination coordinate with the banks  in all matters relating to credit, including the interface between the bankers and the beneficiaries/ beneficiary groups, loan disbursements as well as loan recovery.

The DRDAs would be drawing up projects for specific activities under the Self-employment programmes, it would be necessary to have suitable experts to oversee the successful implementation of such projects. As part of the overall programme management, the DRDAs may take outside expert on a consultancy basis.  They administer all the self-employment programmes.

Women's Wing

In order to ensure that women receive adequate attention in all the anti- poverty programmes, a Women's Cell should be sit up in each DRDA. This cell would establish necessity synergy with departments such as Women & Child Development, Education and health Departments to ensure that women not only receive their due share in the anti-poverty programmes, but are also able to receive benefits of other programmes. The Women's wing will be headed by an Officer who is performing the function under the overall co-ordination. Under this wing the women self-help groups are part of it.

Wage Employment Wing

The central concern of the DRDA   in the wage-employment programmes should relate to planning, monitoring and vigilance by a technical wing. The DRDA is assisted by line department / engineers or the Panchayati Raj Institutions. Under this wing, Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) is being implemented
 
Watershed Wing

A Watershed Wing is part of the DRDA where Hariyali and all the area development including Integrated Watershed Development Programme (IWDP), Drought Prone Area Development Programme (DPAP) are in operation. This wing should consist of an officer assisted by a small complement of staff.

Engineering Wing
Latehar DRDA has a technical wing, which should also be responsible for innovations in design or use of materials, as well as training of the engineering personnel of the line departments or the Panchayat Raj Institutions. This wing is positioned by an Executive Engineer/Assistant / Junior Engineers.

Account Wing

The accounts wing of the DRDA is headed by an Accounts Officer. Account Officer is supported by a complement of team assisted by accountants.    

Monitoring Wing

Monitoring and Evaluation is a separate wing headed by a Project Economist/Monitoring personnel. They function directly under the supervision of the Project Director. Apart from monitoring the progress of all the programmes, this wing is also supporting for carrying out evaluation /impact studies regularly by independent institutions /experts including NGOs.

Role and Functions of the District Rural Development Agency

The role and functions of DRDA are given below.

  • RDA is a supporting and facilitation organization and plays a very effective role as a catalyst in development process.
  • The district Rural Development Agency is visualized as specialized and a professional agency capable of managing the anti-poverty programmes of Rural Development on the one hand and to effectively relate these to the overall effort of poverty eradication in the District.
  • DRDA has greater role to play in ensuring effective utilization of the funds intended for anti-poverty programmes, it will need to develop a far greater understanding of the processes necessary for poverty alleviation/eradication.
  • Develop the capacity to build synergies among different agencies involved for the most effective results.
  • Coordinate with the line department, the Panchayati Raj Institutions, the banks and other financial institutions, resources required for poverty reduction effort in the district.
  • It shall be their endeavour to secure inter-sectoral and inter-departmental coordination and cooperation for reducing poverty in the district.  Coordinate and bring about a convergence of approach among different agencies for poverty alleviation.
  • The DRDAs are expected to coordinate effectively with the Panchayati Raj Instutions. Under no circumstances will they perform functions of PRIs.
  • Facilitating and supporting organization to Zill Parishad, providing necessary executive and technical support in respect of poverty reduction efforts.
  • The DRDAs are expected to oversee the implementation of different anti-poverty programmes of the Ministry of Rural Development in the district. This is not be confused with actual implementation, which will be by the Panchayati Raj and other Institutions.
  • The DRDAs will monitor closely the implementation through obtaining of periodic reports as well as frequent field visits.
  • Contribute for improving implementation process and ensuring that the quality of implementation of programmes is high.
  • DRDA should ensure whether the intended beneficiaries are receiving the benefits under the different programmes.
  • The DRDAs shall keep the Zella Parishad, the State and Central Government duly informed of the progress of the implementation of the progremmes through periodic reports in the prescribed formats. DRDA also files special report, as and when called for, shall be provided.
  • It is the duty of the DRDAs to oversee and ensure that the benefits specifically earmarked for certain target groups (SC/ST, women and disabled) reach them.
  • The DRDAs shall take necessary step to improve the awareness regarding rural development and poverty alleviation particularly among the rural poor.
  • The DRDAs will strive to promote transparency in the implementation of different anti-poverty programmes. Towards this end, they shall publish periodically, the details of the different programmes  and  their implementation.
  • Keeping in view of the substantial investment, DRDA is mandated to ensure financial discipline in respect of the funds received by them, whether from Central of State Governments. They shall also ensure that the accounts are properly maintained including in respect of the funds allocated to banks or implementing agencies in accordance with the guidelines of different programmes.
  • In addition, the DRDAs shall coordinate and oversee the conduct of the BPL Census and such other surveys that are required from time to time. DRDA is the nodal agency responsible for enlisting BPL families.
  • The DRDAs shall also carry out / aid in carrying out action research/ or evaluation studies that are initiated by the Central/State Governments.

Sepcific responsibilities of DRDA Director

 
  • Overall in-charge of the activities of the DRDA and the controlling Officer of all scheme and guides them for better implementation of the schemes.
  • Project Director is responsible for interaction with the District/State administration as well as with the Government of India.
  • It shall be Project Director’s responsibility to ensure that the administration of DRDA and the programmes are conducted in accordance with the guidelines.

Financial Powers

  • Project Director issues expenditure sanction for all the Schemes and furnishes Utilization Certificates to Ministry of Rural Development, GOI.
  • Project Director is permitted to draw cheques up to Rs.5.00 lakhs in respect of all DRDA schemes.

Administrative

  • DRDA is headed by the Project Director. Project Director is overall in charge of the activities of the DRDA and the controlling Officer of all Scheme implementing Officers.
  • Guides & Advises the Project Officers/ Executive Engineer/Asst. Project Officers in the implementation of the Schemes.
  • Monitors implementation of the schemes
  • Conduct of Monthly/Bimonthly Review Meeting and issue of instructions to the implementing Agencies
  • Identifies problems if any and take corrective action
  • Ensures that the programmes are proceeding as per schedule and the
  • Scheme objectives are realized.
  • Conduct of Governing Body Meeting once in six months
  • Conduct of District level Vigilance & Monitoring Committee meeting once in three months.
  • Furnishing the Periodical Progress Reports to the Ministry of Rural Development, Govt. of India
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Schemes implemented under DRDA

 


Under DRDA, the following are the Central Government Schemes implemented.

Swarnajayanthi Gram Swarozgar Yojana
Background of SGSY

Earlier, the scheme of supporting individuals in the families was not successful. After the success of self-help groups, government made a shift in its strategy by evolving group based scheme, as experience proved that group approach to poverty reduction were provided viable.

Given this experience, the families living Below the Poverty Line belonging to rural areas are assisted under this programme – individually as well as in Groups (Self Help Group).  Funds received under the scheme are shared by Centre and State Govt. in 75:25 ratio respectively. 

Assistance is provided for income generating activities. After 6 months of the formation of a Self Help Group,  Revolving Fund is provided and after completion of 2nd grading (one year), subsidy at 50% is provided to a Self Help Group. 

SGSY is a Credit-cum-subsidy program. It covers all aspects of self-employment, such as organization of the poor into self-help groups, training, credit technology, infrastructure and marketing.  SGSY lays emphasis on activity clusters. Four/five activities will be identified for each block with the approval of Panchayat Samitis. The Gram Sabha will authenticate the list of families below poverty line identified in BPL census. Identification of individual families suitable for each key activity will be made through a participatory process. Closer attention will be paid for skill development of the beneficiaries known as swarozgaris and their technology and marketing needs through the scheme for lifting the swarozgaris from the morass of poverty.

Objectives

  • The basic objective of the SGSY is to bring the assisted poor families (Swarozgaris) above the Poverty Line by providing them income-generating assets through a mix of bank credit and governmental subsidy.
  • The programme aims at establishing a large number of micro enterprises in rural areas based on the ability of the poor and potential of each area.  

Main Features 

  • Emphasis on mobilization of rural poor to enable them to organize into Self-Help Group (SHG).
  • SGSY – a credit-cum-subsidy scheme where credit is critical component and subsidy is only an enabling element.
  • Participatory approach in selection of key activities. Project approach for each key activity.
  • Emphasis on development of activity clusters to ensure proper forward and backward linkages.
  • Strengthening of groups through revolving fund assistance (RFA).
  • Training of beneficiaries in group processes and skill development – integral part of the project.
  • Marketing support with emphasis on market research, up--gradation/diversification of products, packaging, creation of market facilities, etc.
  • Provision for development of infrastructure to provide missing critical link. 20% fund is earmarked for infrastructure development.
  • Active role of NGOs in formation and capacity building of SHGs.
  • Focus on vulnerable groups, i.e. SC, ST, Women and Disabled.
  • 15% fund earmarked for special projects to ensure a time bound programme for bringing specific number of BPL families above poverty line.

Implementing Agencies

This sheme is being implemented by DRDA with active involvement of Community Development Blocks, panchayats the Banks, the Line Departments and the Non-Governmental Organisations.

Indira Awaas Yojana (IAY)                      
Background of the scheme
Shelter is a basic need of every family. Housing is one of the basic requirements for human survival. For a normal citizen, owning a house provides significant economic and social security and status in society. For a shelterless person, a house brings about a profound social change in his existence, endowing him with an identity, thus integrating him with his immediate social milieu. Indira Awaas Yojana (IAY) is a centrally sponsored scheme funded on cost-sharing basis between the Government of India and State Government in the ratio of 75:25. Indira Awaas Yojana (IAY) is a flagship scheme of the Ministry of Rural Development to provide financial assistance to the BPL households in rural areas for construction of a dwelling unit. Under this scheme government is giving subsidy for construction of a House, Kitchen, Smokeless Chulha and Toilet to a family living Below Poverty Line in rural areas. The scheme is intended to create household assets through a package of assistance consisting of subsidy and bank loan.

Objectives

  • The objective of Indira Awaas Yojana is primarily to help construction of dwelling units and upgradation of existing unserviceable kutcha houses of members of Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes, freed bonded labourers and also non-SC/ST rural poor below the poverty line by providing them with grant-in aid.

Target group

  • The target group for houses under Indira Awaas Yojana includes people below poverty line living in rural areas belonging to SCs/STs, freed bonded labourers and non-SC/ST categories. IAY benefits have been extended to widows or next-of kin of defence personnel killed in action.
  • Small farmers, marginal farmers, agricultural labourers, non-agricultural labourers and rural artisans whose are living below the poverty line.

Benefits have also been extended to ex-servicemen and retired members of the paramilitary forces as long as they fulfil the normal eligibility conditions of Indira Awaas Yojana. Three percent of funds are reserved for the benefit of disabled below the poverty line in rural areas.

Main features

  • Financial assistance is provided as Grant-in-Aid to the rural BPL households for construction of a dwelling unit. Under this scheme grant is given for construction and up-gradation of kutcha houses with varying amount of aid.
  •  Since reduction of shelterlessness is the primary objective, 75% weightage is given to housing shortage and 25% to the poverty ratios prescribed by Planning Commission for state level allocation.
  • On the basis of allocations made and targets fixed, District Rural Development Agency (DRDA) decides Panchayatwise number of houses to be constructed under IAY and intimate the same to the concerned Gram Panchayat.
  • Thereafter, the beneficiaries are selected from the Permanent IAY Waitlists prepared with the approval of respective Gram Sabha. Such Waitlists are prepared out of the BPL List.
  • The available resources under the Scheme in a district are earmarked for various categories as under: (i) At least 60% of the total IAY funds and physical targets should be utilized for construction/up-gradation of dwelling units for SC/ST BPL households.(ii) A maximum 40% for non-SC/ST BPL rural households. (iii) IAY funds and physical targets will be earmarked for BPL minorities (iv) 3% of the above categories are for physically and mentally challenged persons.
  • The dwelling units are invariably allotted in the name of a female member of the beneficiary household. Alternatively, the same can be allotted in the name of both husband and wife. Only in case there is no eligible female member in the family the house is allotted in the name of an eligible male member.
  • The construction of the houses is the sole responsibility of the beneficiary. Engagement of contractors is strictly prohibited. Sanitary latrine and smokeless chullah are required to be constructed along with each IAY house.
  • IAY beneficiaries need to get benefits available under Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY), Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC), Janshree and Aam Aadmi Bima Yojana.
  • A scheme has been launched in 2009 as part of IAY, for providing homestead sites to those rural BPL households whose names are included in the Permanent IAY Waitlists but who have neither agricultural land nor a house site. Cash support is given under the Scheme which is shared by the Centre and the States in the ratio of 50:50.
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Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS)

 

Lack of employment is one of the key drivers of migration, poverty and vulnerability. In rural areas, agriculture is the main source of employment which provides maximum of less than 5 months in a year. Therefore, families are forced to seek other forms of employment for subsistence and survival.
Given the situation, creation of employment and assets are key stimulus for poverty reduction. With this rational, Government of India launched a very important scheme namely National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) 2005. To realised the right to employment specified in the act, government of India has initiated Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) in order to provide 100 days guaranteed wage employment in every financial year to households. This scheme is also intended to enhance the livelihood security of the households in rural areas through assuring employment.

Objective

  • The objective of the Act is to enhance livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work.
  • Strong social safety net for the vulnerable groups by providing a fall-back employment source, when other employment alternatives are scarce or inadequate.
  • Create growth engine for sustainable development of an agricultural economy. Through the process of providing employment on works that address causes of chronic poverty such as drought, deforestation and soil erosion, the Act seeks to strengthen the natural resource base of rural livelihood and create durable assets in rural areas. Effectively implemented, NREGA has the potential to transform the geography of poverty.
  • Empowerment of rural poor through the processes of a rights-based Law.

NREGA ACT (National Rural Employment Gurantee Act:2005)
Thus, NREGA fosters conditions for inclusive growth ranging from basic wage security and recharging rural economy to a transformative empowerment process of democracy. NREGA covers the entire country with the exception of districts that have a hundred percent urban population.

SALIENT FEATURES OF THE ACT

  • Adult members of a rural household, willing to do unskilled manual work, may apply for registration in writing or orally to the local Gram Panchayat.
  • The Gram Panchayat after due verification will issue a Job Card. The Job Card will bear the photograph of all adult members of the household willing to work under NREGA and is free of cost. The Job Card should be issued within 15 days of application.
  • A Job Card holder may submit a written application for employment to the Gram Panchayat, stating the time and duration for which work is sought. The minimum days of employment have to be at least fourteen.
  • The Gram Panchayat will issue a dated receipt of the written application for employment, against which the guarantee of providing employment within 15 days operates.
  • Employment will be given within 15 days of application for work, if it is not, then daily unemployment allowance as per the Act has to be paid liability of payment of unemployment allowance is of the States.
  • Work should ordinarily be provided within 5 km radius of the village. In case work is provided beyond 5 km, extra wages of 10% are payable to meet additional transportation and living expenses
  • Wages are to be paid according as per the amount fixed by the State Government in accordance with the Minimum wages. Equal wages will be provided to both men and women.
  • Wages are to be paid according to piece rate or daily rate. Disbursement of wages has to be done on weekly basis and not beyond a fortnight in any case.
  • At least one-third beneficiaries shall be women who have registered and requested work under the scheme.
  • Work site facilities such as crèche, drinking water, shade have to be provided.
  • The shelf of projects for a village will be recommended by the gram sabha and approved by the zilla panchayat.
  • At least 50% of works will be allotted to Gram Panchayats for execution.
  • Permissible works predominantly include water and soil conservation, forestation and land development works.
  • A 60:40 wage and material ratio has to be maintained. No contractors and machinery is allowed.
  • The Central Government bears 100 percent wage cost of unskilled manual labour and 75 percent of the material cost including the wages of skilled and semi skilled workers.
  • Social Audit has to be done by the Gram SabhaGrievance redressal mechanisms have to be put in place for ensuring a responsive implementation process.
  • All accounts and records relating to the Scheme should be available for public scrutiny
  • It provides a rights-based framework for wage employment. Employment is dependent upon the worker exercising the choice to apply for registration, obtain a Job Card, and seek employment for the time and duration that the worker wants.
  • There is a 15 day time limit for fulfilling the legal guarantee of providing employment. The legal mandate of providing employment in a time bound manner is underpinned by the provision of Unemployment Allowance.
  • The Act is designed to offer an incentive structure to the States for providing employment as ninety percent of the cost for employment provided is borne by the Centre. There is a concomitant disincentive for not providing employment as the States then bear the double indemnity of unemployment and the cost of unemployment allowance.
  • Unlike the earlier wage employment programmes that were allocation based. NREGA is demand driven. Resource transfer under NREGA is based on the demand for employment and this provides another critical incentive to States to leverage the Act to meet the employment needs of the poor.
  • NREGA has extensive inbuilt transparency safeguards.

Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS)

The Scheme to guarantee employment is called the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS.  The Scheme will be implemented as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme on a cost-sharing basis between the Centre and the States. Key features of the scheme. The Act indicates the kinds of works that may be taken up for this purpose. As per Schedule I of the Act, the focus of the National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS) shall be on the following works:

  • Water conservation and water harvesting;
  • Drought proofing, including afforestation and tree plantation;
  • Irrigation canals, including micro and minor irrigation works;
  • Provision of irrigation facility, plantation, horticulture, land development to land
  • Owned by households belonging to the SC/ST, or to land of the beneficiaries of land reforms, or to land of the beneficiaries under the Indira Awas Yojana/BPL families renovation of traditional water bodies, including de-silting of tanks; land development;
  • Flood-control and protection works, including drainage in waterlogged areas;
  • Rural connectivity to provide all-weather access. The construction of roads may include culverts where necessary, and within the village area may be taken up along with drains. No cement concrete roads should be taken up under NREGA. Priority should be given to roads that give access to SC/ST habitations;
  • Any other work that may be notified by the Central Government in consultation with the State Government.
  • The ratio of wage costs to material costs should be no less than the minimum norm of 60:40 stipulated in the Act. This ratio should be applied preferably at the Gram Panchayat, Block and District levels.
  • Tools and implements may be procured to enable the workers to execute the work. The cost of tools and implements may be booked under the material component of the Project. State Governments should devise a mechanism for transparent method of procurement of materials to be used under NREGA.
  • To avoid duplication, a unique identity number should be given to each work.
  • To ensure sustainable assets are created and a holistic approach to planning, a Project approach should be adopted towards defining a Work. This will enable subsuming a number of works as activities under an umbrella Work or Project.

Role of panchayats

  • The Project may be formulated with the Block as a unit so that the Programme Officer may coordinate the activities under it at sub Block levels. Inter Block Projects may also be formulated at the District level.
  • Standard designs should be put together as a document at the District level and should be made available to Panchayats and other Implementing Agencies.
  • The Gram Panchayat is the single most important agency for executing works  as the Act mandates earmarking a minimum of 50 per cent of the works in terms of costs to be executed by the Gram Panchayat.
  • This statutory minimum, up-to hundred percent of the work may be allotted to the Gram Panchayat (GP) in the annual Self of Projects (SoP).
  • The other Implementing Agencies can be Intermediate and District Panchayats, line departments of the Government, Public Sector Undertakings of the Central and State Governments, Cooperative Societies with a majority shareholding by the Central and State Governments, and reputed NGOs having a proven track record of performance. Self-Help Groups may also be considered as possible Implementing Agencies.
  • The role of the Line Department is to give technical support in the nature of estimates, measurement and supervision of the works executed. Works will be executed by Job Card holders. Muster Rolls will be maintained. No overhead charge will be given to any line department for this.
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Hariyali/ Integrated Wastelands Development Programme (IWDP),

 


This is the scheme to conserve water, land and natural resources in the specific area. At present depletion of natural resources, water, soil, land and forest are common features. As part of the environment preservation and climate mitigation efforts, we need to protect and promote our immediate environment linking water, land, soil and other resources.
Further Latehar is a drought prone area. Families are living on one crop and large track of land is unused or lying waste. Given these problem, the focus of this programme is for development of waste lands in non-forest areas, checking of land degradation, putting such waste land into sustainable use and increasing bio mass, availability of fuel wood, fodder and restoration ecology etc.
The concept of watershed development is an integrated nurture with multi disciplinary activities in the area. This programme is intended to be taken up in rain-fed and drought-prone areas especially predominated by SC/ST population and preponderance of wasteland.

Objectives

  • The main objectives of the Hariyali are to jarvest every drop of rainwater, ensuring overall development of rural areas, employment generation, poverty alleviation, community empowerment.
  • Mitigating the adverse effects of extreme climatic conditions, Restoring ecological balance by harnessing conserving and developing natural resources i.e. land, water, vegetative cover especially plantation.
  • Similiarly encouraging village community towards sustained community action for the operation and maintenance of assets created and promoting use of simple, easy and affordable technical solutions are the main objectives of the Hariyali scheme.To develop an easily available repository of scientific and technological inputs especially for the field level implementing agencies which could facilitate detailed and area specific planning.

To maximize people's participation in concept, planning, implementation and maintenance of soil and water conservation activities in Watershed area so that the entire corpus of scheme becomes effective as well as transparent in working.

Targeted person
i) Local resident inside the of the watershed area.
ii) Poor families specially SC/ST persons in rain-fed areas where economic condition of the people is relatively less due to problems of less production, scanty rain and degradation of land.
iii) Members of SHG and UGs.
iv) Usufruct right given to landless persons out of common resource management.

Activities

The following major activities are taken up under the scheme .

  • Soil and moisture conservation measures like terracing, bounding, Trenching vegetative barriers etc.
  • Planting and sowing of multi purpose trees, shrubs, grasses leguas and pasture land development .
  • Encouraging natural regeneration.
  • Promotion of Agro-forestry and horticulture .
  • Wood substitution and fuel wood conservation measures.
  • Measures needed to disseminate technology.
  • Training extension and creation of greater degree of awareness among the participants.
  • Encouraging peoples participation and community contribution .
  • Community mobilization through self-helf group (SHG) and Users Group .
  • Afforestion
  • Repair, restoration and up gradation of existing common property, assets and structures in water shed areas to obtain optimum and sustainable benefits from previous investments .
  • Development of small water harvesting structures such as low cost farm ponds, Nalla Bunds check dams and percolation tanks etc.
  • Development of Animal Husbandry i.e. dairy, duckery, piggery and fisheries etc. .
  • All these activities are to be covered up in the water shed areas within four years of Project period.
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Key features

 
  • Adoption of demand responsive, adaptable approach along with community participation based on empowerment of villages to ensure their full participation in the project through a decision making role in the choice of the drinking water scheme, planning, design, implementation, control of finances and management arrangements.
  • Full ownership of drinking water assets with appropriate level of panchayats.
  • Panchayat/communities to have the powers to plan, implement, operate, maintain and manage all Water Supply and Sanitation schemes.
  • Partial capital cost sharing either in cash or kind including labour or both, 100% responsibility of operation and maintenance by the users.
  • An integrated service delivery mechanism.
  • Taking up conservation measures through rain water harvesting and ground water recharge systems for sustained drinking water supply.
  • Shifting the role of Government from direct service to that of planning, policy formulation, monitoring and evaluation and partial financial support.

Implementing Agency

 Watershed development programme is generally sponsored by the Central Government and funds are released to DRDA for implementation of the programme. District level water shed development advisory committee in DRDA selects the Project Implementing Agencies (PIAs).It could an autonomous Organisation, Public Sector Undertaking, Voluntary Organisation and Block development officer or any Government Organisation specially dealing with land water and agriculture etc. .The P.I.A. remains in-charge of implementation of water shed projects. DRDA is technically guided by Jharkhand State Watershed Mission, Ranchi, a unit of Rural Development Department.

Below Poverty Line Family
Introduction

Identification of families lying below poverty line is the essential factor for successful implementation of all anti-poverty programmes. i.e. SGSY, JGSY and IAY etc. It is a method of survey adopted for selection of rural poor families who are living below poverty line.
Families are divided into different categories on consideration of Income, family condition, numbers of earning members and house hold goods used by the families. In addition to income, expenditure of family members also comes to the zone of consideration.
The BPL families were identified by the government on the basis of the Planning Commission norms in 2002. Government of Jharkhand has done the new BPL family survey in 2010 in line with the Planning commission criteria.

Procedure for selection of BPL family
i) Families under below poverty line are identified by means of household Survey done from door to door in every five year.
ii) No families should not be repeated or left out .
iii). Gram Sabha has right to decide ineligible household for deletion.
vii) Provisional approved copy will be published in the notice board of Gram Panchayats inviting objection.
viii) Objection application will be enquired into by the competent authority engaged by District administration.
ix) Identification of BPL families by correct, concrete and transparent manner is the sole objective of the BPL survey.  

Implementing Agencies

DRDA is responsible for identification and finalisation of the BPL in the district.

Who is the DRDA Director?

 


Project Director of DRDA is Ravindra Prasad Singh. The Deputy Development Commissioner (DDC) Mr.C.Piprian Prakash Bhakla is the DDC of Latehar who is overall responsible for Rural Development Department of Jharkhand. The Project Director is accountable to Deputy Commissioner and Deputy Development Commissioner.

DEVELOPMENT  INITIATIVE (SCHEME)

  • Swarnajayanthi Gram Swarozgar Yojana
  • Indira Awaas Yojana (IAY)                      
  • NREGA ACT (National Rural Employment Gurantee Act:2005)
  • Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS)
  • Hariyali/ Integrated Wastelands Development Programme (IWDP),
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