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DEPARTMENT OF ANINMAL HUSBANDRY

Who we are

 

The Department of Animal Husbandry is one of the line Departments in the Ministry of Agriculture, Government of Jharkhand. The Department at the district level is responsible for matters relating to livestock production, preservation, protection from disease, improvement of stocks, promotion of livestock livelihoods and dairy development. It is one of the development departments of District Administration. This department is created to increase the cattle wealth/assets for improving the life and livelihoods of the rural masses.


Background

 

Rearing cattle such as goat, cow, ox, pig, chicken, duck etc are part of the livelihood system of the rural families and villages from the time immemorial. Therefore, Animal Husbandry is an integral part of the diversified agriculture system. The animal husbandry plays a crucial role in the rural economy by providing gainful employment particularly to small, marginal farmers and agriculture labourers. It provides gainful employment and source of income and livelihood among landless labour through employment. In the agrarian economy of Latehar, livestock plays an important role in contribution to income and employment for families in general and women in particular.

Since, cattle population are vulnerable to diseases and death of cattle population will result in loss of assets and livelihoods. Therefore, government has been stepping in with specific programmes to help the farmers to increase the cattle wealth.  Since, the government and communities felt cattle rearing as a viable traditional livelihood occupation; government has been encouraging and promoting cattle assets as part of the poverty reduction and agricultural promotion initiative of Latehar District.

What we do

 

Through the District Animal Husbandry Department, we do the following livestock promotional initiatives in Latehar district.

  • Help the families for increasing the livestock production, such as milk, egg, meat and wool and also the draught capacity of bullocks by intensive implementation of controlled breeding program.
  • Create livelihood promotional infrastructure, consolidate and strengthen the existing infrastructure facilities for livestock development in the district for improving employment opportunities.
  • Promote animal husbandry as a viable subsidiary source of income of rural population by providing improved facilities of cross-breeding, feeding, proper management and providing animal health cover.

In line with the above, the District Animal Husbandry Department undertakes the following animal husbandry promotional schemes of central and state government.

Central Government programmes

Under the Animal Husbandry programme, the Central Government sponsored schemes that are given below:

National Rinderpest Eradication Programme (100%)


This is 100% Central Scheme under which the Government of India is supporting state government for eradication of 'Rinderpest'- a highly fatal disease of Cattle & buffalo. Under this, scheme, Routine Surveillance Programme is being conducted in all villages of the state as well as main routes of transportation as per the direction of the Government of India.

Training to veterinarians and para-veterinarians


This is also 100% Central Scheme, under which, training of vets and para-vets are being organised in order to improve,  update and refresh the knowledge with regard to treatment and diagnosis of different animal diseases.

Livestock Census Programme

This is 100% Central scheme in which state has to conduct livestock census in every 5th year. The 18th livestock census was conducted during the year 2007-08.
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STATE PLAN SCHEMES

 


Modernisation of Hospitals & Dispensaries


Under this scheme infrastructural support of hospitals in terms of building, medicine instruments, furniture etc are being part of it

Establishment of  dispensaries


This scheme is meant to meet the establishment expenditure of nineteen veterinary dispensaries established to provide infrastructural support in terms of building, medicine, instruments, furniture etc.

Control of Animal Diseases


The main objective of this scheme is to control diseases such as Rabies and Swine flu which are fatal animal linked diseases to human being. Under swine flu control programme, birds are tested randomly in organized and unorganized poultry farms to detect the disease and if they are found positive, farmers are advised for its control and containment. Contrary to this in Rabies control programme, bovine and canine species such as dog are vaccinated to secure the life of animal and animal handlers.

Frozen Semen Bank


The main objective of this scheme is to gradual genetic improvement of local non- descript milch cattle and at the same time preserving the germplasm of the indigenous descript cattle. For this purpose, the department has set up Artificial Insemination Centres. Uninterrupted supply of liquid nitrogen and frozen semen are the lifeline of this programme. Under this scheme, it is proposed for supply of liquid nitrogen, frozen semen straw and other articles required for running the programme.

Poultry Development


Poultry keeping is an important allied activity providing supplementary income, employment opportunity and a source of animal protein. In spite of favourable climate condition for poultry rearing and good demand, most of the state requirement is being met from neighbouring state. Keeping this in mind, to enhance the production of poultry and its product, under scheme, government is providing chicks to the poultry farmers in subsidised rates.

Sheep and Goat Development


Under this scheme improved breed of goats (male) produced in the state run Government farm will be distributed among selected beneficiary for breeding purpose. To keep and maintain the breeding record, as well as to maintain the goat for breeding purpose, government is providing incentive to these selected farmers. These farmers will be known as Pashu Mitra who will be the link man between farmers and the Block Animal Husbandry Officer.

Extension & Training Programme

Under this scheme, training of farmers for better management practices of different animal husbandry activity is being given.


Dairy Development scheme

 

Jharkhand in general and Latehar in particular are milk dry district. Mainly Bihar is the supplier of milk for the districts. Therefore government of Jharkhand and District Animal Husbandry Department has been promoting dairy extensively to generate sustainable employment, boost milk production, support to milk producers, distribution of quality milk and remunerative prices for milk products. Under this, the following activities are being carried out.

  • Conducting survey for assessing the milk production and availability of marketable surplus.
  • Based on the potential, organization and strengthening of primary milk producers co-operative societies.
  • Introduction of high yielding improved breed milch cattle and buffalo to boost the milk production as well as income generation of the rural families.
  • Promote & popularizes the establishment of mini dairy or heifer rearing farm by the progressive farmers and unemployed rural youth of the State.

For achieving this, both central and state sponsored schemes are underway.

Integrated Dairy Development Programme

Under this, 100% assistance is provided by the central government in the non Operation Flood areas, hilly & backward areas for dairy promotion. Integrated Dairy Development Programme (IDDP) is implemented to boost milk production in these areas and to bring them at par with the Operaton Flood areas.

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State government dairy schemes

 


Technical Input Programme


This was a scheme for providing infrastructural facilities to Dairy Cooperative Societies (DCS), such as procurement and testing arrangements, establishment of Dairy Cattle Development Centres, demonstration of green fodder production, subsidy on balanced cattle feed; distribution feed supplement, vaccination & de-worming of cattle.

 Distribution of Milch Cattle

In this scheme,  milch cattle of improving breed is provided in cluster manner, with average yield of 10-12 litters of milk per day is given to district co-operative societies. Each unit of 2 cattle is provided. Out of which, 50% amount will be made available as Bank loan and 50% as subsidy by Govt.

 Mini Dairy

Under this scheme, the progressive farmers and unemployed youths of rural area are given  improve milk cattle. For SC/ST beneficiaries, this seed money is also given subsidy.

Education and Training


It is felt that the training of milk producers and the staff dealing with extension was paramount for success of the Dairy Development programmes. Therefore, this scheme is intended to train the milk producers and dairy personnel and rural unemployed educated youth in the practice of high yielding cattle management, modern techniques of dairy farming, milk testing, clean and hygienic milk production, and dairy paridarshan.

Working Capital to Milk Union

 Milk produced in rural areas is being produced by District Cooperative Society. Thereafter, transportation of produced milk to chilling centers, processing and marketing of milk are managed and controlled by the District Cooperative Milk Union. To maintain the system of regular payment to milk producers and purchase of bulk feed, fodder and other expenditure, working capitals required for smooth and prompt functioning of District Cooperative Milk Unions are provided under this scheme.

 Scheme for Maintenance and Running of Chilling Centre

Under this scheme, initially, one day expenditure of milk chilling center will be given to enable the chilling centre to break even during the first three years and thereafter the chilling centre is expected to run with its own resources.

Gokul Nagar yojna


Under this scheme, each village will be developed as Gokul Nagar. For that support is provided for creation of infrastructure, basic amenities like community Building, common cattle shed, drinking water and preparation of vermin compost from cow dung, Training and awareness programme is being provided.

The government has also scheme for providing cold chain facilities for storing milk.

Who is heading the department?

 

This Department is headed by Dilip Kr Kachhap, the District Animal Husbandry Officer (DAHO). The DAHO is being supported by a team helping to carry out the above mentioned schemes of the government.
At the block level, the Block Animal Husbandry Officer (BAHO) is responsible for implementation of the above mentioned schemes. They are also responsible for providing extension services to cattle farmers. At the panchayat level, BAHO works through the Jan Sevak for providing extension services.



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