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DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Who we are

   

The Department of Agriculture is taking care of all the planning and development of agriculture in the district with the guidance of State Agriculture Department of Jharkhand.  Agriculture is the mainstay for 80% of rural population of the state and the district. Agriculture is the employment, primary income generating and food production activity.

The agricultural economy of the Latehar is characterized by dependence on nature with low investment, low productivity, mono-cropping with paddy as the dominant crop. Agriculture is Latehar district is constrained by inadequate irrigation facilities and small ands marginal holdings. The dependence of agriculture on the vagaries of the rain-god can be gauged from the fact that as much as 92% of the total cultivated area is un-irrigated.

Latehar is a drought prone area. For the past two years, the district has been facing drought and therefore, the agriculture is sub-optimal on account of low rain fall. This department was created to augment the agriculture production by technically supporting to the farmers with improved technology, seeds, cultivation practices and transfer of post-harvest technologies.

Background

   

Though Latehar district is endowed with vast and rich natural resources mainly those of minerals and forest, 80% of its population residing in the villages are depending mainly on agriculture and allied activities for their livelihood. Sustainable agriculture is depending on the prudent use of water and land resources of the district.  The major occupation for 70% of population in the district is agriculture. 72% of farmers are small and marginal.  Agriculture operations are primarily of subsistence type due to the dependence on rain water. 

The major crops of the state are paddy and maize, pulses, oilseeds, wheat & millets. Though there is vegetable production, the district lacks the post harvest technology because of acute shortage of cold storage, processing units etc. The district  has good potential for oilseed, pulses, vegetable & other horticultural crops. Therefore, the Department of agriculture was created for providing extension services, capacity building of farmers and supply of inputs as per the needs of the farmers.

In this district, there is greater scope for bringing additional area under cultivation through vertical and horizontal expansions, increasing area under irrigation, increasing production and productivity of food crops through optimum utilization of inputs like seeds, fertilizers, pesticides, agricultural tools and implements, etc. Besides these, horticultural development has vast potentialities not only in terms of meeting the local requirements of fruits, vegetables, flowers, medicinal and aromatic plants, but also in terms of exploiting the opportunities for exports. There is vast scope in the state for establishing food processing units including those of fruit and vegetable preservation. Further, the food security of the District is depending on the agriculture. To ensure self-sufficiency in food, we need to exploit the irrigation potentials by integrating the traditional and modern forms of irrigation structures-ponds, tanks and check dams. This department is therefore is striving to achieve these key agricultural missions.

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What we do

   

The Agriculture Department is mandated to promote sound agricultural strategy for increasing the productivity and acreage of cultivation. The key functions are.

  • Shifting from traditional mono-cropping to multiple cropping, horticulture and diversified agriculture.
  • Organic and integrated scientific farming as per the local needs.
  • Transfer of suitable technology through extension education and practical support to farmers.
  • Better management of natural resources for sustainable agriculture

Post harvest management and processing.

 

Development Initiatives

   


Agriculture schemes implemented through the Department

Central government schemes
The central government assisted agricultural schemes are outlined below.

Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY)
This is a very comprehensive scheme to support the agriculture and allied sectors on the basis of initiatives taken by the State Government.  The Schemes are in two categories:

RKVY Stream-I and RKVY Stream-II. Under Stream-I following schemes are being implemented.

(a) Development of micro-irrigation facility
(b) Soil health improvement
(c) Farm mechanization
(d) Horticulture development
(e) Seed Production
(f) Protected cultivation/floriculture
(g) Integrated nutritional and pest management
(h) Floriculture Development
(i) Establishment of livestock

Under Stream-II following schemes are continuing schemes.

(a) Integrated Farm Development
(b) Integrated Seed Development

National Horticulture Mission
National Horticulture Mission is for promotion of Horticulture crops with forward and backward linkage.  Under this scheme, government is planned to provide hybrid seeds and fruit saplings to the farmers. The Department is also facilitating credit and other backward and forward support to horticulture farmers. This is a central government assisted scheme implemented through the stat agriculture department.

Pilot Weather Based Crop Insurance
This scheme is launched to compensate the loss of produce to the farmers due to weather variation or natural weather. This is a central government scheme implemented through the state with 50% contribution from central and 50% contribution from the state government.

Micro Irrigation System
Under this scheme, government is promoting micro irrigation system to facilitate the irrigation potential.

 Development of Infrastructure for Seed production (100:0)
This is a central government scheme to promote infrastructure for seed production through farmers. It provides technical support to the seed farmers.

State Schemes
Exchange  and Distribution of Crop seed on Subsidy
Seed is the basic input required for enhancing the productivity and production of the agricultural crops. Providing high yielding variety (HYV) seeds to the farmers either by exchanging their varieties on at least 65% subsidy. This scheme has become very popular among the farmers and is adding to the seed replacement rate as well to contribute for food grain production.

Under this scheme, an additional package of phosphatic and sulphur containing fertilizer will be provided. Training to farmers is also part of it. Under the programme, demonstrations will also be done in the farmer’s field for all types of seeds. Emphasis is be given to propagate new variety of various crops suitable for the district. This will be applicable to Kharif, Rabi and summer season crops.

Seed production on seed multiplication farm
Production of quality seeds for kharif /rabi/ garma crops of different varieties is being done through the State Seed Multiplication farms.

Training, Demonstrations and Extension
The scheme of Agromet advisory services has been introduced. The scheme has been found very supportive for the development of Agriculture Sector in the state. This scheme has also integrated component of farm fairs, workshop, exhibition and incentive to progressive farmers, grants to ATMA

Sugar Cane Development
Sugar cane crop is cultivated in various sporadic pockets. This crop is to be supported particularly for its propagation and extension. This programme is intended to boost up the sugar cane production and gradually, increasing in sugar cane area in the state.

Mukhyamantri Kissan Khushali Yojna
Under this scheme an integrated farming system is being developed every year continuously, in the two clusters of each district.

Incentive for Innovative technologies for Horticulture Development
Under this scheme, suitable farmers and institution will be supported/encouraged for adoption of new technologies to boost up horticulture development in the state. This will be helpful in the extension of such technologies.

Tuber Crop Development Programme
Farmers of the state will be encouraged for cultivation of tuber crops namely potato and sweet potato in order to boost tuber crop production.

Development of Waste Land and Rice Fallow LandThis scheme is aimed at cultivating the fallow land and to bring these lands under cultivation. Accordingly, this programme has been conceptualized to implement in phases and this will add to the agriculture production and betterment of socio economic condition of farmers.

Integrated oilseed development programmeThe district has good potential for oilseed. There is ample scope to extend the area of oilseed with advanced suitable technologies and suitable varieties (groundnut/ Nizer/ Soya bean/ Sunflower / Mustard etc) in the district. Accordingly, field demonstration for oilseed in the farmers field will be conducted. The subsidy for seed will be of 65%.

Millet Development ProgrammeThe district has immense potential for millet development such as. ragi, jowar and bajra. There is scope for cover the area in the drought situation by taking millets crops in place of upland paddy and save the farmers for increasing huge loss due to scanty /deficient rainfall.

Who is responsible for the Department?

   

The District Agriculture Officer (DAO) is heading this Department. Mr.Umesh Prasad is the DAO. Under him, Deputy Director (ATMA) is part of the district agriculture department. At the sub-district level, Block Agriculture Officials are responsible for extension services in their respective block. The DAO is accountable at the district level to the DC as well as to the parent Agriculture Department of Jharkhand State.

 

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